Our report for the Council of Europe provides a new definitional framework for information disorder, overviews current responses and summarizes key academic studies.
Do you know where your news is coming from? That’s the question at the center of the latest campaign to help improve news literacy among American citizens.
SOURCE: The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists
Dramatic, disturbing news events can leave parents speechless. These age-based tips on how to talk to kids about the news -- and listen, too -- can help.
SOURCE: Common Sense Media
With a recent focus on "fake news" and the realization that many of us (adults and kids alike) get our news primarily through social media, the concept of "media literacy" is buzzing. And the #medialiteracy community is responding to this buzz with gusto.
Below are a few framing ideas, planning tools, and media-literacy-infused project examples that can help you leverage this momentum, expand media-literacy education in your classrooms, and coordinate a media-literacy program schoolwide.
SOURCE: Common Sense Education
Fact-checking works. Alexios Mantzarlis from the International Fact-Checking Network at Poynter gave us some advice.
SOURCE: Global Editors Network
This article summarizes fascinating research from Pew about how people process information. It offers a typology of engagement that records differing levels of trust and readiness to learn.
SOURCE: Pew Research Center
A proliferation of digitally manipulated photographs coupled with political propaganda has helped to usher in the post-truth age.
The news is constantly awash with stories reporting on – and arguably amplifying – public anxieties over youth and media. The anxieties concern violence and video games, gaming addiction, internet and mental health, and teen suicide.
SOURCE: The Conversation
But also, what if the studies are kinda flawed in the first place?
This blog post argues that "information pollution" is a potential global disaster that extends beyond "fake news." The author argues that understanding the complexity of the problem is critical to designing a solution, and he discusses media literacy within a range of solutions.
SOURCE: Phillip Smith / Blog
1) Design can make it difficult to discern fact from fiction
2) Data and visual journalism may oversimplify matters
3) Political perspectives shape our trust in media
4) Local journalists are the frontline for combating this
5) Cultural implications are also important
Concerns over radicalisation or sexual exploitation have made children one of the most monitored groups on the planet, especially online.
Money and resources are key to producing quality news but a mission for quality is equally important according to a study comparing news coverage in different types of newspapers in two similar countries: Sweden and Switzerland.
SOURCE: European Journalism Observatory
“Fake news” is merely a symptom of greater social ills. Our real problems: trust and manipulation.
Article by Jeff Jarvis.
Google is launching an educational program designed to teach kids about phishing, internet harassment, passwords, and other internet safety issues.
SOURCE: The Verge
An appropriate answer by journalists and civil society in the aim to combat violent disinformation and radical messages means more than only reaction or correction: It means to activate our communication, innovate our way of story telling, to know the echochambers and the stories which are told there – and to know which our own narratives and stories are to counter the rumors, hate messages and violent images of radical sources.
Unfortunately, the concept of ‘humanitarian news’, whilst commonly used, is seldom defined. In an attempt to provide some clarity, we offer three distinct definitions of humanitarian news: (1) news about humanitarian crises and actors, (2) news adopting a humanitarian ethic and (3) news as humanitarian practice. These categories concern the nature, ethics and purpose of journalism respectively – or the ‘what’, ‘how’ and ‘why’ of news.
SOURCE: Public Media Alliance
Here’s a list of initiatives that hope to fix trust in journalism and tackle “fake news”. There’s a lot. I’ve tried to collect an extensive list of projects, initiatives and tools created to fix trust in journalism and false/fake news and misinformation. This also includes efforts and initiatives around verification.
SOURCE: Global Investigative Journalism Network
There are some possible pathways for reducing fake news. The article identifies three courses of action that can be taken in the immediate future.
SOURCE: Shorenstein Center
What is fake news? Is it it something that is fiction being presented as fact? An opinion posted as a news story? Or is it simply any news story that you don’t like? It seems that the last one is really what many mean, especially when an article or outlet is being shouted down on twitter or called out on Facebook.
Open society media camp has lost the information war with the often inarticulate, yet vociferous, populist lot. To gain back the trust of the masses, they have to learn a more popular language.
SOURCE: Media Power Monitor
The crowd-funded news platform aims to combat fake news by combining professional journalism with volunteer fact checking: “news by the people and for the people.”
Almost anyone can use the worldwide web to be a media outlet, so how will we differentiate between truth, myth and lies?
SOURCE: The Guardian
A popular meme of the last few years is the social media “filter bubble” — the idea that services like Facebook and Twitter serve to reinforce users’ biases by feeding them content with which they are already inclined to agree.
SOURCE: Vice News
“Should we still think of news as a separate space, as a specific type of information?”
And while there are plenty of fact-checking organizations, unless you are looking for their data, you aren’t likely to see it.
Recent political and security-related developments have increased the focus on, and concern over, the use of biased and deceptive information as a tool to exert strategic influence. The growing emphasis on countering the manipulation of information calls for an equally attentive approach to the usage and definition of the terms involved.
SOURCE: European Parliament Think Tank
Mark Little, founder of Storyful, on what the digital economy of news would look like if it was optimized for trust.
SOURCE: Nieman Reports
Why the challenge facing traditional publications isn’t one of revenue but one of culture.
Whereas recent research indicates that a majority of people have difficulties determining when news is fake, the EU’s steps towards countering this growing information challenge are still tentative.
SOURCE: European Parliamentary Research Service Blog